G. Harry Stine Space History and Model Rocketry Collection
Series I. Model Rocketry documents Stine’s involvement with the founding of the National Association of Rocketry through early committee records, publications, Plan Program Fact Sheets, safety codes and reports. Included in the material are thousands of photographs illustrating the founding years of the annual model rocket meets held by the organization beginning in the late 1950s. These photographs illustrate early meets and competitions of the NAR, as well as affiliated sections throughout the United States. In addition, there are numerous documents regarding international model rocketry and the symbiotic partnership in developing the hobby between the U.S. and Europe from the 1960s until the late 1980s.
Another set of records consists of Stine’s documents on safety codes and regulations pertaining to model rocketry. These records reflect his work on the Pyrotechnics Committee beginning in the early 1970s. The committee worked with the National Fire Protection Agency. Included are correspondence and meeting minutes, as well as documents on fire marshals and the Fire Prevention Committee.
Series I. also includes numerous files on the various corporations who produced model rockets for consumers within the United States, most notably Estes Industries, Centuri Engineering, Inc., Aerospace Vehicles, and Model Missiles, Inc. Within the files there is a large amount of correspondence between Stine and Orville Carlisle, who together founded Model Missiles, Inc. beginning in 1957.
Series II. Writings, is comprised of Stine’s book manuscripts, short and assorted works, as well as his notebooks. There are writing examples dating back to 1948 when Stine was developing play scripts, but the bulk of the series consists of manuscripts for articles and books. For both the book manuscripts and short works there are science-fiction and non-fictional writings. The titles are all well documented with original drafts that most often include Stine’s edits, images, and final publications. For the science-fiction works there are examples of Stine’s writing under the penname Lee Correy, and early exploration of the pennames George H. Shearer and Gregory Hamilton Stone. The non-fiction short works included contributions to publications such as American Modeler Magazine and Model Rocketry Magazine, spanning the 1950s to the mid-1990s. There are also non-fiction manuscripts for Stine’s book ICBM: the Making of the Weapon that Changed the World, and early versions and revisions of Stine’s renowned publication Handbook of Model Rocketry. Included are examples of his notes where he formulates new ideas for model rocket designs.
Series III. Aeronautical Research Files is the largest portion of the collection, representing Stine’s personal and professional interest in aeronautical research. These files encompass rocket designs and development; space programs within the United States and internationally, predominantly the Soviet Union; aircraft; and aerospace research facilities. There is a substantial number of documents related to Stine’s work at White Sands Proving Ground during the 1950s within the Facilities subseries. A notable aspect of the material is the approximately 2,000 oversized technical illustrations of rockets and examples of model rockets designs inspired and based upon rockets listed in the subseries.
Series IV. Personal and Other Professional Work is an assortment of files documenting other personal and professional accomplishments of Stine, such as his contribution to research of commercial space travel and his business Enterprise Institute, Inc., Stine’s correspondence with other authors and individuals within the aeronautics field, his personal inventories of his model rocket collection, and documents related to his work at Huyck Research Center in the 1960s. This includes his correspondence with Henri Coanda and William O. Davis, the director of the company, who were both close associates.
Series V. Visual and Audiovisual Materials consists of various audio-visual formats, negatives, and 35mm slides. While the subject matter overlaps much of the rest of the collection and some photographic materials can also be found in other series, the materials here were maintained as a series following Stine’s original organization of the items. The roughly 3,000 35mm slides and 3,980 negatives are related to model rocketry and the various meets and competitions that Stine attended throughout his lifetime. In addition to photo-documentation of model rocketry, there are also slides and negatives related to aeronautical research that illustrate individual rockets, crewed space flight, and aircraft. The negatives also contain a few images of Stine’s personal life. Formats in the audio-visual subseries are 8mm and 16mm film, VHS, 45-rpm records, a few instances of DVDs and a large grouping of both audiocassette tapes and open-reel magnetic audio recording tape.
The final and smallest series is the personal archives of Henri Coanda, Romanian aeronautical engineer with whom Stine worked at Huyck Research Center in the 1960s, including photographs, designs, and Coanda’s handwritten autobiography.
- Majority of material found within 1956-1997
- Stine, G. Harry (George Harry), 1928-1997 (Originator, Person)
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
85 Cubic Feet (126 letter size 4-inch document boxes (12 1/4" x 10 1/4" x 4), 10 letter size full-width document boxes (12 1/4" x 10 1/4" x 5), 5 legal size full-width document boxes (15 1/2" x 10 1/4" x 5), 1 legal size full-width document boxes (15 1/2" x 10 1/4" x 4) , 1 letter size half-width document box, 6 record cartons, 4 oversize boxes (16 1/2" x 20 1/2" x 3"), 3 oversize boxes (20 1/2" x 24 1/2" x 3), 6 oversize rolled storage boxes, 60 oversize folders (35 3/4" x 47 3/4"))
Biographical Note: G. Harry Stine
Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Dr. George H. and Rhea M. Stine, “Harry” Stine grew up in Colorado Springs, which he considered his hometown. He attended both New Mexico Military Institute and Colorado College in Colorado Springs, where graduated with a B.A. in physics in 1952. Upon his graduation he went to work at White Sands Proving Grounds, first as a civilian scientist and then, from 1955–1957, at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Missile Test Facility as head of the Range Operations Division.
While working at White Sands, Stine was involved with high altitude rockets, range flight safety, and rocket motor testing. Additionally, he handled inquiries from young people concerning rockets, which inspired him to write an article in 1957 titled “The World’s Safest Business” for Mechanics Illustrated about rocket safety. Shortly after the publication of the article, Stine received a letter from Orville H. Carlisle (July 5, 1917 – August 1, 1988) reaching out to share his latest invention, the “Rock-A-Chute”. Carlisle appreciated Stine’s writing on the subject and asked if he could send Stine a version of his model rocket prototype. Stine was impressed with the samples that Carlisle sent him and wrote a cover article for the October 1957 issue of Mechanics Illustrated about the designs. From there, the two began a correspondence and collaborated in the development of model rockets. Stine guided Carlisle on propellant material suitable for his designs and on safety measures he should follow. Through this partnership they opened a hobby rocket business, Model Missiles, Inc., the first manufacturer of model rockets and their engines, in 1957. Vern Estes joined Model Missiles, Inc. developing a machine for the company that mass-produced rocket motors to keep up with growing popularity of the hobby.
Within that same year Stine founded the National Association of Rocketry (NAR). As the founder of the NAR and president until the late 1960s, Stine established the organization’s safety code and sporting code, assisted with the design and production of model rockets, developed educational programming, organized NAR competitions, and worked with various sections affiliated with the organization. He served on the board of trustees and various committees affiliated with the NAR, such as the Editorial Board, where he contributed content and edited the Model Rocketeer, the NAR magazine.
Stine continued to work to popularize the hobby, writing the Handbook of Model Rocketry in 1965, which went on through seven editions over the years. This publication is regarded as the seminal work in writing about model rockets and serves as a source for learning about the hobby. As an avid writer, Stine was a constant contributor to publications like American Modeler Magazine and Model Rocketry Magazine with the series “Count Down” and “The Old Rocketeer” where he chronicled the development and highlights of the hobby. Other publications he contributed to on the topic of sports rocketry include Popular Mechanics, American Aircraft Modeler, Craft, Model and Hobby Industry, and Mechanix Illustrated.
NAR established many formal protocols addressing safety and sporting codes for the sport. Stine produced numerous writings, conducted tests, developed the standards, and made them available to the model rocket users making it a safe and educational activity. As an influential figure in model rocketry the National Fire Protection Agency looked to him to serve as chairman of the Pyrotechnics Committee as a representative for the sports rocketry community to discuss safety concerns; he served on this committee for twenty years.
In addition to serving on organizations and committees related to safety, Stine also served for eleven years on the Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI). Through this connection he assisted on the groundwork for international space model rocketry throughout Europe, beginning in the early 1960s. He worked closely with Otakar Saffek to establish the Space Models Subcommittee of the FAI, assisted with writing the international sporting code for rocketry, and organized large international competitions between various countries, including the United States. In 1985 he was awarded the Paul Tissandier Diploma by the FAI for his life-long contribution to the development of space model rocketry.
Stine had a significant professional career in the field of aeronautics as a researcher, consultant, and author. He began working as a technological forecaster and space planner with the Martin Company in 1957. He was science advisor to CBS-TV News during the Apollo missions. He was a consultant to numerous aeronautical institutes such as the Franklin Institute, the Hudson Institute, and the Institute for the Future. Beginning in 1965, he worked as a researcher and consultant for the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) where he prepared accurate drawings and space control models of twelve historic space launch vehicles and spacecraft, as well as 18 historic aerospace vehicles. Many of these drawings remain in the Museum’s collection. He also worked alongside Romanian engineer and inventor Henri Coandă at the Huyck Research Center, where they shared an office from 1961-1965. This led to a lifelong friendship and correspondence between the two. Coandă gifted parts of his personal papers to Stine before his passing in 1972.
From his work in the aerospace industry Stine became very interested in space industrialization and commercialization. Later in life he worked on managing and financing space programs related to space tourism. He founded space travel committees in Arizona and worked as a lead member for the Arizona Space Commission, the Citizen’s Advisory Council on National Space Policy, and the Space Access Society. In addition, Stine worked as a primary consultant on the definitive NASA study on space industrialization in 1977-1978.
Stine published actively on aeronautical studies as a science-fact columnist for Astounding and its successor Analog Science Fact and Fiction. Other publications he contributed to include, Scientific American and Space Journal. He also wrote as a science-fiction author under the penname Lee Correy. One of his first works was “Galactic Gadgeteers” for Astounding in May 1951. Some of his titles include Shuttle Down, Rocket Man, Starship through Space and a Star Trek novel called The Abode of Life.
Stine and his wife Barbara had three children together, Bill, Connie, and Ellie. He included his whole family in the hobby of model rocketry. They frequently assisted and participated in NAR meets. His daughter Ellie Stine was a contestant in the 1st World Space Modeling Championship held in 1972. Stine passed away in his home in Phoenix, Arizona on November 2, 1997.
Source Note: Biographical information derived from the collection and donor information.
An addendum to the G. Harry Stine Collection was received in August 2021. The material has similar themes to the first donation. The folders titles were arranged within the intellectual structure of the already established hierarchy, while the physical files were placed at the end of the collection. In order to integrate some of the materials in a logical manner, intellectual rearrangement of parts of the collection was required, though physical files from the original collection were not moved. This reorganization primarily affected the Writings series.
The majority of the collection consists of papers and photographs housed in document boxes, however there is a significant amount of oversize material in the collection, as well. The oversized material in the collection was donated in 10 oversize boxes with very little context to the contents, most often tightly rolled together. Only one box “Centuri Engineering, Inc.” had a common theme between documents, which has been retained to preserve the existing relationship. In addition, there were multiple oversized documents folded within the folders of documents. Some of these items were duplicates of what was located in the oversize boxes. In total there were over 2,000 oversized documents donated with the collection. The Project Archivist inventoried each individual item to collect identifiable information for the document and to develop relationships between them. Once each oversized document was cataloged, three copies were retained with collection and any additional copies were deaccessioned. The remaining documents were arranged based upon how they related to the above-described series and folder listing established by the archivist. Oversized materials were cataloged according to their intellectual position within the collection, regardless of size or format. When there is an oversized illustration or document connected to a folder, the oversize location is listed in the inventory alongside the folder of documents. Oversize documents were unfolded, unrolled humidified and flattened when necessary.
Other Finding Aids
- 2013-09-17_Stine Collection_AV material
- 2013-09-17_Stine Collection_Oversize material
- 2013-09-17_Stine Collection_Trade Literature_Catalogs
- 2013-09-17_Stine Collection_Separations
A list of artifacts can also be made available upon request. For more information contact us.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Existence and Location of Copies
- 16mm (photographic film size)
- 8mm (photographic film size)
- Coandă, Henri, 1886-1972
- Launch vehicles (Astronautics)
- Manned space flight--Soviet Union--History
- Manned space flight--United States
- Models and modelmaking
- Rockets (Aeronautics) -- Models
- Space sciences
- Stine, G. Harry (George Harry), 1928-1997
- blueprints (reprographic copies)
- cartoons (humorous images)
- clippings (information artifacts)
- compact discs
- diazotypes (copies)
- floppy disks
- forms (documents)
- illustrations (layout features)
- manuscripts (documents)
- minutes (administrative records)
- negatives (photographs)
- open reel audiotapes
- phonograph records
- photographic prints
- presentations (communicative events)
- press kits
- press releases
- printed ephemera
- slides (photographs)
- tear sheets
- technical drawings
- technical reports
- Guide to the G. Harry Stine Space History and Model Rocketry Collection
- Completed - Level 3
- C. Michelsen
- Description rules
- Language of description
- Processing and cataloging of this collection was made possible by the National Association of Rocketry and private donations.
- Edition statement
- 3rd edition
- 2021 June: Updated Series V. Scope and Content note with additional information about films.
- 2022 January: Addendum added to collection.